Types of pearls:

Pearls are said to be the most feminine gemstones and considered as priced possessions for their innocent beauty and rarity. The existence of pearls dates back to more than 4000 years ago. But it definitely adds that elegance and sophistication to your appearance till today, be it any type of pearl- Natural or Cultured.

1. Natural Pearls

Natural Pearls, as the name suggests, are formed by nature. When a small particle, typically a parasite or organic matter accidentally becomes embedded in the tissue of oyster or mollusk, the mantle tissues secrete nacre and the nacre building up in layers eventually forms a pearl. Formation of a natural pearl is a purely accidental phenomenon. Natural pearls are 100% nacre.

2. Cultured Pearls

Cultured Pearls are those formed by deliberate intervention of man. The process of formation of cultured pearls is no different from that of natural pearls except that, here the entrance of a foreign particle is not accidental but intentionally done by man. Culturing of pearls gained momentum as natural pearls are rare to find.

Both Natural and Cultured Pearls can be either Freshwater or Saltwater Pearls:-

  • a. Freshwater Pearls:
    As their name suggests, Freshwater Pearls find their origin in fresh water bodies such as lakes, rivers, etc. Though, the traditional source of pearls has been oysters which live in saltwater, molluscs that live in freshwaters can also produce pearls. In general, Freshwater Pearls are not as round as Saltwater Pearls and tend to be less expensive than saltwater pearls.
  • b. Saltwater Pearls:
    The cultivating technique used to obtain Saltwater Pearls takes about two and half years with each oyster giving one pearl. These Pearls are therefore more expensive than Freshwater Pearls and are better in quality because the nacre becomes very thick due to prolonged period of pearl formation.